Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan

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Frequently anticipated questions:

What does this data set describe?

Title: Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan
This dataset contains latitudes, longitudes, commodity, and limited geologic data for metallic and nonmetallic mines, deposits, and mineral occurrences of Afghanistan. The data in this compilation were derived from published literature and data files of members of the USGS National Industrial Minerals project. This dataset consists of one table with 17 fields and over 1000 sites.
This dataset consists of one Excel 98 spreadsheet file, OF02110.xls. Data fields include location, deposit, commodity, and geologic data for mineral deposits, mines and occurrences.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Orris, Greta J., and Bliss, James D., 2002, Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 60.45
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: 75.0
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.5
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.25
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Calendar_Date: 2002
    Much of the data dates from the Russian occupation of Afghanistan, although the published sources had more recent dates.
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Microsoft Excel 98 spreadsheet
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      Geographic coordinates are provided for each location, however it is important to consider the information given in the comments field of each row to interpret the geographic coordinates properly.
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    The following attributes exist in the OF02XXX spreadsheet of the data.
    1. Locality/Deposit Name
    2. Synonyms and Other Names or Spellings
    3. Deposit or District Name
    4. Province
    5. Latitude - degrees, minutes, seconds
    6. Longitude - degrees, minutes, seconds
    7. Commodity(s) - This field contains one or more standard symbols for chemical elements along with abbreviations for minerals and other commodities as follows:
     Abbrev  Commodity
      Arag    aragonite
      Asb     asbestos
      Ba      barite
      Bri     brine
      COA     coal
      COLL    collectibles
      Ca      calcite
      Cly     clay
      Dol     dolomite
      Epi     epidote
      F       fluorite
      Fld     feldspar
      GEM     gemstones
      GRF     graphite
      Gar     garnet
      Gyp     gypsum
      Hal     halite
      Lst     limestone
      Mbl     marble
      Mg      magnesium, magnesite
      Mica    mica, muscovite
      NaCO    Sodium carbonate
      Oli     olivine
      Peat    peat
      Qtz     quartz
      REE     rare earths
      SDG     sand and gravel
      Serp    serpentine
      Shl     shale
      Si      silica
      Tlc     talc
    8. Type of Deposit - brief deposit description
    9. Status
    10. Host Rock Age
    11. Host Rock
    12. Significant Minerals or Materials
    13. Deposit Size and (or) Grade
    14. Comments (explains location values)
    15. References (these are in-text citations; the full bibliographic references are given in the report)
    16. Decimal Latitude
    17. Decimal Longitude
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2002/0110/pdf/of02-110.pdf

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Greta J. Orris
    • James D. Bliss
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    G.J. Orris and J.D. Bliss compiled the data on Afghanistan mineral resources from previously published compilations, other published sources, and project files. Locations were taken from published sources; no effort was made to determine the correctness of these data beyond a preliminary review to be sure they plot in the correct country and reconciliation of duplicate and conflicting data where possible. Most of the latitudes-longitudes are believed to be within 5 minutes of their true locations, but other locations may be highly inaccurate.
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Dr. Greta J. Orris
    U.S. Geological Survey
    520 N. Park Ave.; Suite 355
    Tucson, AZ

    (520) 670-5583 (voice)

Why was the data set created?

This dataset was compiled due to interest in Afghanistan and anticipated continuing interest as post-war aid and reconstruction begin.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2002 (process 1 of 2)
    Data were separated into various fields (categories) within the Excel spreadsheet. Duplicates were removed where identified and inconsistencies reconciled or noted in the Comments field.
    Date: 20-Mar-2002 (process 2 of 2)
    Creation of original metadata record Person who carried out this activity:
    Dr. Greta J. Orris
    U.S. Geological Survey
    520 N. Park Ave. Suite 355
    Tucson, AZ

    (520) 670-5583 (voice)
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    The accuracy of file data attributes is highly variable, based on the compilers' evaluation of the source literature. The data tables were proofed against the original reports.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Most locations are believed to be within 5 minutes of the correct location. The latitudes and longitudes were largely taken directly from the published literature. The accuracy of these locations varies with the detail of the original information.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This report is the most complete compilation of Afghanistan mines, deposits, and occurrences known. However, it is highly likely that there are additional sites that are not included. In addition, data for many of the sites are incomplete. Determination of latitudes and longitudes for some sites with no published location were impossible given the available data.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    Point data is given in latitude and longitude decimal degrees. Location errors are a result of incorrect original data, error caused by multiple locations with the same name, and error introduced by data entry or location format conversion.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None.
This digital database is not meant to be used or displayed at any scale larger than 1:1,000,000.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    USGS Information Services Open-File Report Sales
    Box 25286
    Denver, CO

    (303)202-4700 (voice)
    (303)202-4188 (FAX)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? USGS Open-File Report 02-110
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides these geographic data "as is." The USGS makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. The USGS further makes no warranties, either expressed or implied as to any other matter whatsoever, including, without limitation, the condition of the product, or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these data have been processed successfully on computers at the USGS, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty. In no event shall the USGS have any liability whatsoever for payment of any consequential, incidental, indirect, special, or tort damages of any kind, including, but not limited to, any loss of profits arising out of use of or reliance on the geographic data or arising out of the delivery, installation, operation, or support by USGS.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
    • Availability in digital form:
      Data format: Latitudes, longitudes, commodity information, commodity, and geologic data for mines, deposits, and occurrences of Afghanistan in format XLS Size: 0.404
      Network links: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2002/0110/of02-110.xls
    • Cost to order the data: none

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 13-Jun-2016
Metadata author:
Peter N Schweitzer
USGS Midwest Area
Collection manager, USGS Geoscience Data Clearinghouse, http://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/
Mail Stop 954
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Reston, VA

703-648-6533 (voice)
703-648-6252 (FAX)
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/metadata/open-file/02-110/metadata.faq.html>
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