Station, sample, video, and photo locations in the New York Bight

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Station, sample, video, and photo locations in the New York Bight
Abstract:
This data set shows the locations of stations, samples, photographs and videos collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in the New York Bight on four research cruises carried out between 1996 and 2000.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2003, Station, sample, video, and photo locations in the New York Bight: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-470, U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Butman, Bradford, Gutierrez, Benjamin T., ten Brink, Marilyn Buchholtz, Schwab, William C., Blackwood, Dann S., Mecray, Ellen L., and Middleton, Tammie J., 2003, Photographs of the sea floor offshore of New York and New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-470, U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.99
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.97
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.66
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.77
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: Jun-1996
    Ending_Date: Apr-2000
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Entity point
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000089992. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000089992. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1927.
      The ellipsoid used is Clarke 1866.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378206.4.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.98.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    alphstat.shp, endvstat.shp, ocnsstat.shp, seaxstat.shp, ny_stats.shp
    shapefiles (Source: ESRI)
    STATION
    Station identification label (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:2035
    Range of values
    Minimum:F0B
    Maximum:F22
    LONGITUDE
    x location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.97121
    Maximum:-72.99378
    Units:decimal degrees
    LATITUDE
    y location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.78613
    Maximum:40.65232
    Units:decimal degrees
    CRUISE
    cruise number to identify on what cruise station was occupied (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    ALPH98020USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    ENDV00013USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    OCNS9906USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    SEAX96004USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    DEPTH (METERS)
    water depth at station location (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:5.0
    Maximum:86.4
    Units:meters
    UTC
    UTC is Universal Time Code that records Julian Day and Time adjusted to Greenwich Mean Time. (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:106:13:42:12
    Maximum:339:12:54:30
    Units:the formula for UTC follows (julianday:hour:minute:second)
    YEAR
    The year in which station was occupied (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1996
    Maximum:2000
    Units:The year in which station was occupied
    PHOTOGRAPH
    Informs whether or not pictures were taken at this station (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    Yesinforms that there were pictures taken at this station
    Noinforms that there were no pictures taken at this station
    VIDEO TAKEN
    Informs whether or not video was taken at this station (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    YesInforms that video was taken at this station
    NoInforms that video was not taken at this station
    SAMPLE TAKEN
    Informs whether or not a sediment sample was taken at this station (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    YesInforms that a sediment sample was taken at this station
    NoInforms that a sediment sample was not taken at this station
    FILE PATH
    The file path used by the hotlink to locate the index.htm file for that station. (Source: author) File path follows the formula (&NYIMAGE\nypages\<station#>\index.htm).
    alphseds.shp, endvseds.shp, ocnsseds.shp, seaxseds.shp, ny_seds.shp
    shapefiles (Source: ESRI)
    STATION
    Station identification label (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:2035
    Range of values
    Minimum:F0B
    Maximum:F22
    LONGITUDE
    x location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.97121
    Maximum:-72.99378
    Units:decimal degrees
    LATITUDE
    y location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.78613
    Maximum:40.65232
    Units:decimal degrees
    CRUISE
    cruise number to identify on what cruise station was occupied (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    ALPH98020USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    ENDV00013USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    OCNS9906USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    SEAX96004USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    DEPTH (METERS)
    water depth at station location (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:5.0
    Maximum:86.4
    Units:meters
    JD_TIME
    UTC is Universal Time Code that records Julian Day and Time adjusted to Greenwich Mean Time. (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:106:13:42:12
    Maximum:339:12:54:30
    Units:the formula for UTC follows (julianday:hour:minute:second)
    YEAR
    The year in which station was occupied (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1996
    Maximum:2000
    Units:The year in which station was occupied
    MASS (GRAMS)
    Total weight of sediment sample in grams (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:12.24
    Maximum:660.60
    Units:grams
    PERCENT SAND
    Percent of sample consisting of sand (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:100
    Units:percentage
    PERCENT GRAVEL
    Percent of sample consisting of gravel (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:100
    Units:percentage
    PERCENT SILT
    Percent of sample consisting of silt (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:100
    Units:percentage
    PERCENT CLAY
    Percentage of sample consisting of clay (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:100
    Units:percentage
    CLASS
    Classification of grain size measurements (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    ValueDefinition
    Clayey SiltClassification for a sediment sample consisting of 10 to 40% clay and the remainder silt
    GravelClassification of a sediment sample consisting of 80% or more gravel.
    Gravel > 10%Classification of a sediment sample consisting of at least 10% gravel.
    Gravelley SedimentClassification of a sediment sample consisting of between 30 to 80 % gravel.
    SAN SIL CLAYClassification of a sediment sample consisting of nearly equal parts sand, silt, and clay.
    Sand Silt ClayClassification of a sediment sample consisting of nearly equal parts sand, silt, and clay.
    SANDClassification of a sediment sample consisting of 90% or more sand.
    Sandy SiltClassification for a sediment sample consisting of ??% clay and ??% silt
    Silty SandClassification for a sediment sample consisting of ??% clay and ??% silt
    MEDIAN
    Median grain size of sample (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-2.28
    Maximum:7.04
    Units:Phi size
    MEAN
    mean grain size of sample (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-2.04
    Maximum:6.98
    Units:Phi size
    STANDARD DEVIATION
    Standard deviation of grain size from a sample mean, this is a measure of sorting. (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:.39
    Maximum:3.76
    Units:Phi size
    SKEW
    Skewness is a measure of assymetry within a sediment sample. (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-1.0
    Maximum:3.38
    Units:numeric value
    KURTOSIS
    Kurtosis is a measure of peakedness in a curve representing a sediment sample. (Source: Folk, R.L., 1956, A review of grain-size parameters: Sedimentology, v. 6, p. 77-93.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-1.5
    Maximum:110.92
    Units:numeric value
    alphpics.shp, endvpics.shp, ocnspics.shp, seaxpics.shp, ny_pics.shp
    shapefiles (Source: ESRI)
    STATION
    Station identification label (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:2035
    Range of values
    Minimum:F0B
    Maximum:F22
    CRUISE
    cruise number to identify on what cruise station was occupied (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    ALPH98020USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    ENDV00013USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    OCNS9906USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    SEAX96004USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    LONGITUDE
    x location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.95384216
    Maximum:-72.992828
    Units:decimal degrees
    LATITUDE
    y location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.78531265
    Maximum:40.65232086
    Units:decimal degrees
    DEPTH (METERS)
    water depth at station location (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:5.0
    Maximum:86.4
    Units:meters
    JD_TIME
    UTC is Universal Time Code that records Julian Day and Time adjusted to Greenwich Mean Time. (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:106:13:41:30
    Maximum:339:12:54:04
    Units:the formula for UTC follows (julianday:hour:minute:second)
    alphvid.shp, endvvid.shp, ocnsvid.shp, seaxvid.shp, ny_vid.shp, alvidst.shp, envidst.shp, ocvidst.shp, nyvstart.shp
    shapefiles (Source: ESRI)
    STATION
    Station identification label (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:2035
    Range of values
    Minimum:F0B
    Maximum:F22
    LONGITUDE
    x location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.97121
    Maximum:-72.99378
    Units:decimal degrees
    LATITUDE
    y location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.78613
    Maximum:40.65232
    Units:decimal degrees
    CRUISE
    cruise number to identify on what cruise station was occupied (Source: author)
    ValueDefinition
    ALPH98020USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    ENDV00013USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    OCNS9906USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    SEAX96004USGS assigned cruise number that identifies boat used, and year cruise occurred.
    YEAR
    The year in which station was occupied (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1996
    Maximum:2000
    Units:The year in which station was occupied
    MONTH
    The month in which video was taken (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:4
    Maximum:12
    Units:The month in which video was taken
    DAY
    The day on which video was taken (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:4
    Maximum:29
    Units:The day on which video was taken
    HOUR
    The hour in which station was occupied (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:23
    Units:The hour in which video was taken
    MINUTE
    The minute in which video position was taken (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:59
    Units:The minute in which video position was taken
    SECOND
    The second in which video position was taken (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:59
    Units:The second in which video position was taken
    movlendv.shp, movsendv.shp, movlocns.shp, movsocns.shp, movlocl.shp, movlocs.shp
    shapefiles (Source: ESRI)
    LATITUDE
    y location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.9410
    Maximum:40.4271
    Units:decimal degrees
    LONGITUDE
    x location of station (Source: author)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.8963
    Maximum:-73.2387
    Units:decimal degrees
    FILE PATH
    The file path used by the hotlink to locate the index.htm file for that station. (Source: author) File path follows the formula (&NYIMAGE\nymovie\nycdmov<l/s>\<endv/ocns_#>.htm).
    nymoors.shp
    shapefile (Source: ESRI)
    SITE__
    Labels assigned to mooring sites. (Source: Chief Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:SITE A
    Maximum:SITE B
    Units:Site names given in alphabetical order.
    MOORING_TY
    Type of mooring used (Source: Chief scientist)
    ValueDefinition
    Sub-surface mooringOceanographic instruments on a mooring where the floatation is below the sea surface.
    tripodInstruments are deployed near the seafloor on a tripod frame.
    MOORING_
    used to identify the type of instrumentation used. (Source: unknown) These codes are set up by the instrumentation engineers.
    SITE_NAME
    name of research location (Source: chief scientist)
    ValueDefinition
    NY BIGHTName of research location
    DEC__LATIT
    lattitude in decimal degrees (Source: ESRI)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.910
    Maximum:40.3908
    Units:decimal degrees
    DEC__LONGT
    longitude in decimal degrees (Source: ESRI)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.8511
    Maximum:-73.2400
    Units:decimal degrees
    LATITUDE
    latitude in degrees and decimal minutes (Source: ESRI)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39 56.479 N
    Maximum:40 23.449 N
    Units:degrees and decimal minutes
    LONGITUDE
    longitude in degrees and decimal minutes (Source: ESRI)
    Range of values
    Minimum:73 14.409 W
    Maximum:73 51.066 W
    Units:degrees and decimal minutes
    DATE_IN
    date instrument was placed in water (Source: Chief scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:19991204
    Maximum:19991205
    Units:calendar dates
    DATE_OUT
    date instrumentation was taken out of water (Source: Chief scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:20000415
    Maximum:20000527
    Units:calendar dates
    WATER_DEPT
    depth of water in which mooring was placed (Source: unknown)
    Range of values
    Minimum:25
    Maximum:74
    Units:meters
    INST_DEPTH
    depth of instumentation placed on mooring (Source: unknown)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0.35
    Maximum:70
    Units:MAB (Meters Above Bed)

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    These bottom photographs, video, and sediment texture data were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey on four different research cruises. Bradford Butman was chief scientist on the RV Alpha and Omega, Oceanus, and Endeavor cruises. William Schwab led the Seaward Explorer cruise. Dann Blackwood was responsible for maintaining and running the camera systems at sea. Marilyn Buchholtz ten Brink and Ellen Mecray were responsible for sediment sampling. Ben Gutierrez compiled the photographs and did the initial report layout. Donna Newman edited the report for compliance with USGS publication standards. Tammie Middleton did the metadata.
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U. S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Bradford Butman
    Oceanographer
    384 Woods Hole Rd
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508.548.8700x2212 (voice)
    508-457-2309 (FAX)
    bbutman@usgs.gov
    Hours_of_Service: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Why was the data set created?

The data were collected as part of studies to map the sea floor (Butman and others (1998), Butman (2002)) and to develop an understanding of the transport and long-term fate of sediments and associated contaminants in the New York Bight (Mecray and others, 1999). The images and texture data were collected to provide direct observations of the sea floor geology and to aid in the interpretation of backscatter intensity data obtained from sidescan sonar and multibeam surveys of the sea floor.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2001 (process 1 of 2)
    These data are in the form of geographic coordinates. No manipulation of the data were necessary. The textural characteristics of the sediments from these cruises were determined at the USGS Woods Hole Field Center Sediment Laboratory. The sediment grain size distribution was measured using a combination of mechanical sieves or a rapid sediment analyzer to measure the sediment fraction greater than 63 microns in diameter, and a coulter counter to measure the abundance of particles less than 63 microns in diameter. The bottom photographs that are included with this publication were recorded on 35 mm film. After developing, the film was used to create a digital archive of the photographs on CD-ROM. The digital photos were stored as .PCD files which were later converted to .JPG images for use in this publication. During bottom sampling, video of the sea floor was recorded to Hi-8 mm video tape. Video excerpts were digitized and included in this publication.
    Date: 16-Dec-2002 (process 2 of 2)
    Creation of original metadata record Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Tammie Middleton, Bradford Butman
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-457-2212 (voice)
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    The locations of the station location, sediment sample location, photograph location, and video location were determined using a differential Global Positionning System (GPS). The grain size charactersitcs were measured in the laboratory using methods described in the U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-358 by L.J. Poppe and C.F. Polloni.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    These data were navigated with a Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS); they are accurate to about +/- 3 meters, horizontally.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This data set contains all of the stations occupied on four USGS cruises where bottom samples and/or sea floor photographs and video were collected.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
This information is not for navigational purposes. Please cite this publication if this information is used in other publications (see larger work citation).
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Bradford Butman
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Oceanographer
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2212 (voice)
    508-457-2309 (FAX)
    bbutman@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by the USGS, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials.
  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 31-Jan-2017
Metadata author:
Peter N Schweitzer
USGS Midwest Area
Collection manager, USGS Geoscience Data Clearinghouse, http://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/
Mail Stop 954
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Reston, VA
USA

703-648-6533 (voice)
703-648-6252 (FAX)
pschweitzer@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)
Metadata extensions used:

This page is <https://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/metadata/open-file/01-470/nyshp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.48 on Tue Jul 03 20:06:02 2018