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Rocks and deposits

Solid masses that make up the earth's crust as well as accumulations of materials. Use for major rock types and unconsolidated deposits. For deposits of economic value, see related terms.
This category is also used for crystals, lithology, and rock composition.
Subtopics:
Fossils (14 items)
Igneous rocks (10 items)
Permafrost (2 items)
Petroleum (79 items)

Lithologic maps (44 items)


Results listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
Generalized lithology and lithogeochemical character of near-surface bedrock in the New England region

This geographic information system (GIS) data layer shows the dominant lithology and geochemical, termed lithogeochemical, character of near-surface bedrock in the New England region covering the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,

Whole rock geochemical data for altered and mineralized rocks, Red Dog Zn-Pb-Ag district, western Brooks Range, Alaska

This report presents geochemical analyses for 220 mostly altered and mineralized rock samples from the Red Dog Zn-Pb-Ag district in the western Brooks Range of northern Alaska. These data form the basis for a study by Slack et al. (2004a) on hydrothermal

Digital maps of compositionally classified lithologies derived from 1:500,000-scale geologic maps for the Pacific Northwest: a contribution to the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project

This report describes the contents of a digital data set (approximately 269 MB) which consists of Arc/Info Export format files and associated macro programs. This report is one in a series of digital maps, data files, and reports generated by the US Geol

Whole Rock Geochemical Data For Paleozoic Sedimentary Rocks of the western Brooks Brooks Range, Alaska

This report presents geochemical analyses for 210 unaltered and unmineralized rock samples of Paleozoic age in the western Brooks Range of northern Alaska. These data form the basis for a study by Slack et al. (2004a) on the provenance and depositional hi

Chemical Composition of Samples Collected from Waste Rock Dumps and Other Mining-Related Features at Selected Phosphate Mines in Southeastern Idaho, Western Wyoming, and Northern Utah

This text file contains chemical analyses for 31 samples collected from various phosphate mine sites in southeastern Idaho (25), northern Utah (2), and western Wyoming (4).

Preliminary Lithogeochemical Map Showing Near-Surface Rock Types in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, Virginia and Maryland

This preliminary experimental lithogeochemical map shows the distribution of rock types in the Virginia and Maryland parts of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The map was produced digitally by classifying geologic-map units according to composition, mineral

Surficial deposits and materials in the eastern and central United States (east of 102 degrees west longitude)

The surficial geologic map of the Eastern and Central United States depicts the areal distribution of surficial geologic deposits and other materials that accumulated or formed during the past 2+ million years, the period that includes all activities of t

Surficial geologic maps along the riparian zone of the Animas River and its headwater tributaries, Silverton to Durango, Colorado, with upper Animas River watershed gradient profiles

This product consists of Adobe Acrobat .PDF format documents for 10 surficial geologic strip maps along the Animas River watershed from its major headwater tributaries, south to Durango, Colo. The Animas River originates in the San Juan Mountains north o

Bedrock, soil, and lichen geochemistry from Isle Royale National Park, Michigan

This is a report of geochemical data from various media collected on Isle Royale, a large island in northeastern Lake Superior. Isle Royale became a national park in 1940 and was designated as a wilderness area in 1976. USGS sampling began in 1996 as par

Stratigraphy, Sedimentology, Paleontology, and Paleomagnetism of Pliocene-Early Pleistocene Lacustrine Deposits in Two Cores from Western Utah

The data contained in this report represent our preliminary findings of the analyses of two cores of Pliocene and early Pleistocene sediments from the eastern Great Basin. This is a collaborative project involving specialists from the USGS, Kansas State

Digital Compilation of "Preliminary Map of Landslide Deposits in Santa Cruz County, California, By Cooper-Clark and Associates, 1975": A Digital Map Database

A 1:62,500-scale black-and-white map identifying some 2,000 landslides of various types in Santa Cruz County, California, has been converted to a digital-map database that can be acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey over the Internet or on magnetic ta

Geologic Map and Digital Database of the House Rock Quadrangle, Coconino County, Northern Arizona

This digital map database is compiled from unpublished data and new mapping by the authors, represents the general distribution of surficial and bedrock geology in the mapped area. Together with the accompanying pamphlet, it provides current information

Geologic Map and Digital Database of the House Rock Spring Quadrangle, Coconino County, Northern Arizona

This digital map database is compiled from unpublished data and new mapping by the authors, represents the general distribution of surficial and bedrock geology in the mapped area. Together with the accompanying pamphlet, it provides current information

Hydrostructural Maps of the Death Valley Regional Flow System, Nevada and California--Map A: Structural Framework, Neogene Basins, and Potentiometric Surface; Map B: Structural Framework, Earthquake Epicenters, and Potential Zones of Enhanced Hydraulic Conductivity

The locations of principal faults and structural zones that may influence ground-water flow were compiled in support of a three-dimensional ground-water model for the Death Valley regional flow system (DVRFS), which covers 80,000 square km in southwestern

Seismotectonic maps in the vicinity of the lower Wabash Valley, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky - Digital Spatial Database: Lamprophyre and peridotite intrusions

This cover includes locations of alkaline ultramafic igneous rocks. The igneous rocks are evidence for Permian extensional reactivation of the faults of continental rifts in the map area. The igneous rocks are Permian lamprophyres and mica peridotites.

Seismotectonic maps in the vicinity of the lower Wabash Valley, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky - Digital Spatial Database: Magnetic dikes

Hildenbrand and Ravat (1997) inferred the locations of near-surface dikes from analyses of high-resolution aeromagnetic data. The lines represent locations of magnetic highs that they interpreted as dikes. Modeling indicates the dikes are vertical, extend

Geochemical analyses of soils and sediments, Coeur d'Alène drainage basin, Idaho: Sampling, analytical methods, and results.

This report presents the results of over 1100 geochemical analyses of samples of soil and sediment from the Coeur d'Alène (CdA) drainage basin in northern Idaho. The location (in 3 dimensions) and a lithological description of each sample is included wit

Geologic map of outcrop areas of sedimentary units in the eastern part of the Hailey 1°x2° Quadrangle and part of the southern part of the Challis 1°x2° Quadrangle, south-central Idaho

The paper version of the Geologic map of outcrop areas of sedimentary units in the eastern part of the Hailey 1°x2° Quadrangle and part of the southern part of the Challis 1°x2° Quadrangle, south-central Idaho was compiled by Paul Link and others in 1

Quaternary Geologic Map of the Chicago 4° x 6° Quadrangle, United States

The Quaternary Geologic Map of the Chicago 4° x 6° Quadrangle was mapped as part of the Quaternary Geologic Atlas of the United States. The atlas was begun as an effort to depict the areal distribution of surficial geologic deposits and other materials

Quaternary Geologic Map of the Lake Erie 4° x 6° Quadrangle, United States and Canada

The Quaternary Geologic Map of the Lake Erie 4° x 6° Quadrangle was mapped as part of the Quaternary Geologic Atlas of the United States. The atlas was begun as an effort to depict the areal distribution of surficial geologic deposits and other material

Quaternary Geologic Map of the Lake Superior 4° x 6° Quadrangle, United States and Canada

The Quaternary Geologic Map of the Lake Superior 4° x 6° Quadrangle was mapped as part of the Quaternary Geologic Atlas of the United States. The atlas was begun as an effort to depict the areal distribution of surficial geologic deposits and other mate

Geologic map of the Sedan quadrangle, Gallatin and Park Counties, Montana

This quadrangle lies 6.4 km (4 mi) northeast of Bozeman, Mont., in southwestern Montana. Metamorphic, sedimentary, and volcanic rocks of Precambrian to Tertiary age are exposed in the Bridger Range and southwestern margin of the Crazy Mountains Basin in

Geologic Map of the Eminence Quadrangle, Shannon County, Missouri

The geology of the Eminence 7 1/2-minute quadrangle , Shannon County, Missouri was mapped from 1996 through 1997 as part of the Midcontinent Karst Systems and Geologic Mapping Project, Eastern Earth Surface Processes Team. The map supports the production

Generalized Surficial Geologic Map of the Denver 1°x2° Quadrangle, Colorado

Thirty-nine types of surficial geologic deposits and residual materials of Quaternary age are described and mapped in the greater Denver area, in part of the Front Range, and in the piedmont and plains east of Denver, Boulder, and Castle Rock. Description

Geologic map of the Eagle quadrangle, Eagle County, Colorado

The Eagle quadrangle covers an area that straddles the Eagle River and Interstate 70 (I-70) and it includes the town of Eagle, Colo., which is located in the southwestern part of the quadrangle, just south of I-70 and the Eagle River, about 37 km west of

Geologic map of the Rio Puerco quadrangle, Bernalillo and Valencia Counties, New Mexico

The Rio Puerco quadrangle is located southwest of Albuquerque in central New Mexico and covers part of the western part of the Isleta Reservation. The U.S. Geological Survey, the New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, and the University of Ne

Geologic map of the Santa Ana Pueblo quadrangle, Sandoval County, New Mexico

The Santa Ana Pueblo quadrangle is located in the northern part of the Albuquerque basin, which is the largest basin or graben within the Rio Grande rift. The quadrangle is underlain by poorly consolidated sedimentary rocks of the Santa Fe Group and is d

Coal-Bearing Regions and Structural Sedimentary Basins of China and Adjacent Seas: Structural sedimentary basins

This dataset is a collection of structural sedimentary basin locations in The Peoples Republic of China. Included in this dataset are the age and name of each structural sedimentary basin.

Geologic map of the Fawnskin 7.5' quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California

This data set maps and describes the geology of the Fawnskin 7.5' quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California and contains original U.S. Geological Survey data generated by detailed field observation and by interpretation of aerial photographs. The geo

Quaternary geologic map of the Winnipeg 4° × 6° quadrangle, United States and Canada

The Quaternary Geologic Map of the Winnipeg 4° × 6° Degree Quadrangle, United States and Canada, is a component of the U.S. Geological Survey Quaternary Geologic Atlas of the United States map series (Miscellaneous Investigations Series I-1420), an eff

Geologic Map of the Tularosa Mountains 30´ × 60´ Quadrangle, Catron County, New Mexico

This digital map database was compiled from previously published and unpublished data by the author and USGS colleagues, and from published maps by others, as indicated in figure 3 on the map sheet. A pamphlet included with the map provides a brief discu

Geologic map of the Saint Joseph area, Missouri and Kansas

The map shows the surficial geology, including alluvium, loess, till, terrace alluvium, eolian silt, glaciofluvial gravel, and bedrock outcrops in the area around St. Joseph, Missouri.

Generalized Surficial Geologic Map of the Pueblo 1° x 2° Quadrangle, Colorado

Fifty-three types of surficial geologic deposits and residual materials of Quaternary age are described in a pamphlet and located on a map of the greater Pueblo area, in part of the Front Range, in the Wet and Sangre de Cristo Mountains, and on the plains

Geologic map of the Storm King Mountain quadrangle, Garfield County, Colorado

New 1:24,000-scale geologic mapping in the Storm King Mountain 7.5' quadrangle, in support of the USGS Western Colorado I-70 Corridor Cooperative Geologic Mapping Project, provides new data on the structure on the south margin of the White River uplift an

Surficial Geologic map of the Greater Omaha Area, Nebraska and Iowa

Geologic mapping, in support of the USGS Omaha-Kansas City Geologic Mapping Project, shows the spatial distribution of artificial-fill, alluvial, eolian, and glacial deposits and bedrock in and near Omaha, Nebraska. Artificial fill deposits are mapped chi

Surficial Geologic Map of The Loop and Druid Arch Quadrangles, Canyonlands National Park, Utah

This geologic map is a product of a cooperative project between the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. National Park Service to provide geologic information about this part of Canyonlands National Park, Utah. This digital map database contains bedrock da

Lead-rich sediments, Coeur d'Alene River valley, Idaho; Area, volume, tonnage, and lead content: Geologic and wetland unit data

This metadata file (cdafldpl.met) describes three shape files. Shape file cdasurf4_utm.shp, with its associated .shx and .dbf files, contains polygons and attributes for a map of geologic and wetland units and systems, which represent sedimentary depositi

Lead-rich sediments, Coeur d'Alene River valley, Idaho; Area, volume, tonnage, and lead content: River reach data (by segment)

This metadata file (pbrchseg.met) describes three shape files used. Shape file rivreach.shp contains the upstream and downstream boundaries of seven reaches of the river. Natural features define river-reach boundaries at the confluence of the North and So

Lead-rich sediments, Coeur d'Alene River valley, Idaho; Area, volume, tonnage, and lead content: Surface-sediment geochemical data

This metadata file (pbsamthk.met) describes two dBase4 tables. One table (alsamPb.dbf) contains UTM coordinates for 998 surface-sediment geochemical sample sites, and concentration of lead, in parts per million (ppm Pb), in each sample. The other table (t

Heavy minerals from the Palos Verdes margin, southern California: Data and factor analysis

This metadata file accompanies a report about the results of a study of the heavy minerals in samples collected from beaches and seafloor locations in the Palos Verdes margin, south of the Los Angeles area, California. Samples were collected from 11 beac

Surficial Geology of Lower Comb Wash, San Juan County, Utah

This digital map database is compiled from new mapping by the author, represents the general distribution of surficial and bedrock geology in the mapped area. Together with the accompanying pamphlet, it provides current information on the surficial geolo

Surficial geology along the Spokane River, Washington and its relationship to the metal content of sediments (Idaho-Washington stateline to Latah Creek confluence): Geologic units

The Spokane River flows westward into eastern Washington out of the northern end of Lake Coeur d'Alene in northern Idaho. The river and lake lie downstream of the Coeur d'Alene mining district, where over 56 million metric tonnes of metal-enriched tailin

Surficial geology along the Spokane River, Washington and its relationship to the metal content of sediments (Idaho-Washington stateline to Latah Creek confluence): Sediment geochemistry

The Spokane River flows westward into eastern Washington out of the northern end of Lake Coeur d'Alene in northern Idaho. The river and lake lie downstream of the Coeur d'Alene mining district, where over 56 million metric tonnes of metal-enriched tailin

Geologic map and digital database of the Pinto Mountain 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, California

This data set maps and describes the geology of the Pinto Mountain 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, southern California. The quadrangle, situated in Joshua Tree National Park in the eastern Transverse Ranges physiographic and structural province,

Geologic map and digital database of the San Bernardino Wash 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, California

This data set maps and describes the geology of the San Bernardino Wash 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, southern California. The quadrangle, situated in Joshua Tree National Park in the eastern Transverse Ranges physiographic and structural prov

Cascadia tsunami deposit database

The Cascadia Tsunami Deposit Database contains data on the location and sedimentological properties of tsunami deposits found along the Cascadia margin. Data have been compiled from 52 studies, documenting 59 sites from northern California to Vancouver Is

The geochemical landscape of northwestern Wisconsin and adjacent parts of northern Michigan and Minnesota (geochemical data files)

This report contains geochemical data gathered in the Ashland and Rice Lake 1 degree x 2 degree quadrangles in northern Wisconsin and adjacent parts of northern Michigan and Minnesota. The data, in part, is focused on the Chequamegon National Forest. Nine

Surficial geologic map of parts of the Misheguk Mountain and Baird Mountains quadrangles, Noatak National Preserve, Alaska

This dataset represents surficial geologic mapping of parts of the Misheguk Mountain and Baird Mountains quadrangles containing the Noatak National Preserve. It is used to create the mapsheet in 03-367, which shows surficial deposits of the 1:250,000 sca

Major- and trace-element concentrations in soils from northern California: Results from the Geochemical Landscapes project pilot study

Regional-scale geochemical survey designed to serve as a baseline for further analyses, and to understand effects of historical mining in the area.

Analytical results for stream sediment and soil samples from the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Isla de Culebra, and Isla de Vieques

Geochemical data from 2560 stream sediment samples collected in Puerto Rico, 421 soil samples collected on Isla de Vieques, and 35 soil samples were collected on Isla de Culebra, analyzed by semiquantitative spectrographic methods.

Core OL-92 from Owens Lake, southeast California

The drilling project at Owens Lake commenced in April, 1991. This Open-File Report represents an effort to make available to other researchers our preliminary data collected during the first year of study following completion of the core-drilling phase.

Sediment Magnetic and Paleomagnetic Data from Buck Lake, Oregon

Sediment magnetic and paleomagnetic studies were conducted on a core from Buck Lake, Klamath County, Oregon, that was collected as part of an investigation into the Quaternary climate history of the western United States. This report documents the method

Digital National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) for the Pacific Northwest: a contribution to the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project

This report provides background information on the regional geochemical data provided by the US Geological Survey to the US Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project (ICBEMP). This report is one in

Sediment Magnetic and Geochemical Data from Quaternary Lacustrine Sediment in Two Cores from Tule Lake, Siskiyou County, California

Sediment magnetic and geochemical results have been obtained from the top 60 meters of lacustrine sediments recovered in two cores from Tule Lake in northern California. The sediment magnetic and geochemical data, presented here in tabular form, compleme

Sediment Magnetic and Paleomagnetic Data from Buck Lake, Oregon

Sediment magnetic, paleomagnetic and geochemical results have been obtained from lacustrine sediments recovered in a 30-meter core taken by rotary drilling methods at Grass Lake, Siskiyou County, California. The data have been analyzed and interpreted in

Quaternary Geology and Liquefaction Susceptibility, San Francisco, California 1:100,000 Quadrangle: A digital database

In this study, we develop a liquefaction susceptibility map of the San Francisco 1:100,000 quadrangle using Quaternary geologic mapping, historical liquefaction information, groundwater data, and previous studies.

Digital geologic map of the Springdale 7.5' quadrangle, Nevada

Mapped surficial units of the Springdale Quadrangle, Nye County, Nevada

Quaternary geology of Alameda County, and parts of Contra Costa, Santa Clara, San Mateo, San Francisco, Stanislaus, and San Joaquin Counties, California: A digital database

Alameda County is located at the northern end of the Diablo Range of Central California. It is bounded on the north by the south flank of Mount Diablo, one of the highest peaks in the Bay Area, reaching an elevation of 1173 meters (3,849 ft). San Fran

Quaternary geology of Contra Costa County, and surrounding parts of Alameda, Marin, Sonoma, Solano, Sacramento, and San Joaquin Counties, California: A digital database

Contra Costa County is located at the northern end of the Diablo Range of Central California. It is bounded on the north by Carquinez Strait, through which flows 27 percent of California's surface water runoff. San Francisco Bay forms the western boun

Sediment Database and Geochemical Assessment of Lake Pontchartrain Basin

Detailed chemical, station (source and documentation, sample locations), and texture data are provided for bottom sediments of Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana. The sediment data are provided as spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel), database (Microsoft Access), and

Evolution of the landscape along the Clear Creek Corridor, Colorado--Urbanization, aggregate mining, and reclamation

Prime agricultural land along the Clear Creek floodplain, Colorado, attracted settlement in the 1850's but the demand for sand and gravel for 1900's construction initiated a sequence of events that exceeded previous interests and created the modified land

Dataset of Aggregate Producers in New Mexico

This dataset contains latitudes, longitudes, and other descriptive data for aggregate producers in New Mexico that are believed to have been active during the period 1997-1999. The data in this compilation were derived from U.S. Geological Survey files, U

Distribution and quality of potential sources of aggregate infrastructure resources project area, Colorado-Wyoming

Crushed stone and sand and gravel are the main types of natural aggregate used in the United States. Aggregate is used in nearly all residential, commercial, and industrial building construction, and in most public works projects including roads and high

Geologic Map of the Central Marysvale Volcanic Field, Southwestern Utah

The geologic map of the central Marysvale volcanic field, southwestern Utah, shows the geology at 1:100,000 scale of the heart of one of the largest Cenozoic volcanic fields in the Western United States. The map shows the area of 38 degrees 15' to 38 deg

Geologic Map and Digital Database of the Cane Quadrangle, Coconino County, Northern Arizona

This digital map database is compiled from unpublished data and new mapping by the authors, represents the general distribution of surficial and bedrock geology in the mapped area. Together with the accompanying pamphlet, it provides current information

Geologic Map and Digital Database of Part of the Uinkaret Volcanic Field, Mohave County, Northwestern Arizona

This digital map database is compiled from unpublished data and new mapping by the authors, represents the general distribution of surficial and bedrock geology in the mapped area. Together with the accompanying pamphlet, it provides current information

Generalized Geologic Map of the Upper Animas River Watershed and Vicinity, Silverton, Colorado

This dataset represents geology compiled for the upper Animas River Watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The source data used are derived from 1:24,000, 1:20,000, 1:48,000 and 1:250,000-scale geologic maps by geologists who have worked in this area since

Geologic map of the State of Hawaii

This digital publication contains all the geologic map information used to publish U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1089 (Sherrod and others, 2007). This geologic map shows the distribution and stratigraphic relation of volcanic, intrusive, a

Digital geologic map of the Thirsty Canyon NW quadrangle, Nye County, Nevada

This digital geologic map compilation presents new polygon (i.e., geologic map unit contacts), line (i.e., fault, fold axis, dike, and caldera wall), and point (i.e., structural attitude) vector data for the Thirsty Canyon NW 7 1/2' quadrangle in southern

Geologic map and digital database of the Porcupine Wash 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, California

This data set maps and describes the geology of the Porcupine Wash 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, southern California. The quadrangle, situated in Joshua Tree National Park in the eastern Transverse Ranges physiographic and structural province,

Geologic map and digital database of the Conejo Well 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, California

This data set maps and describes the geology of the Conejo Well 7.5 minute quadrangle, Riverside County, southern California. The quadrangle, situated in Joshua Tree National Park in the eastern Transverse Ranges physiographic and structural province, enc

Preliminary geologic map of the Little Piute Mountains, California: A digital database

The Little Piute Mountains in the eastern Mojave Desert expose a series of folds and thrust faults involving metamorphosed Paleozoic strata (Miller and others, 1982; Stone and others, 1983). The Little Piute Mountains Digital database contains digital ge

Geologic map of the Stillwater Complex, Montana: a digital database

This report provides a digital version of the Geologic map of the Stillwater Complex, Montana originally published by N. Page and W. Nokleberg (1974). Paper copies of the four geologic map sheets from the original report were scanned and initially attrib

Digital Map of surficial geology, wetlands, and deepwater habitats, Coeur d'Alene River Valley, Idaho.

The surficial geology, wetlands, and deepwater habitats of the Coeur d' Alene River Valley, Idaho were mapped by Arthur A. Bookstrom and Stephen E. Box (1996-1998) onto 1:24,000 scale topographic base maps (stable-base greenline mylars) for input into an

Methane in coastal sea water, sea ice, and bottom sediments, Beaufort Sea, Alaska

This report summarizes data acquired from 1990 to 1994 for the gas-hydrate portion of the USGS project "Permafrost and gas hydrate as possible sources of methane" of the USGS Global Change and Climate History program. The objective of this project has be

National Geochemical Atlas: The Geochemical Landscape of the Conterminous United States Derived from Stream Sediment and other Solid Sample Media Analyzed by the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program

This CD presents maps derived from a subset of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance (HSSR) data. Approxiamately 260,000 samples were analyzed in the continental U.S. and consisted of solid sam

Digital Data for Payette National Forest Mineral Resource Assessment

This metadata describes a series of coverages that were developed by the authors as a result of reviewing all available data and drawing boundaries that they thought included areas that might contain selected deposit types. (The deposit types include both