Seismotectonic maps in the vicinity of the lower Wabash Valley, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky - Digital Spatial Database: Seismograph Network station locations

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Description This cover contains station locations of the New Madrid Seismic Network within the study boundary. The network is a cooperative project of Saint Louis University and Memphis State University. Operation of the network has been continuous since June 1975, b
Originators Rhea, Susan
Publication U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-0681

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Sulfur dioxide emission rate estimate

Typically, three to six traverses were made underneath the plume to determine the SO2 burden (concentration x pathlength) within a cross-section of the plume. Knowing the burden along with the plume width and plume velocity (assumed to be the same as ambient wind speed), we could then calculate the emission rate of SO2.

Label Definition
Sulfur dioxide emission rate estimate Material flux in tonnes/day

Carbon dioxide emission rate estimate

Carbon dioxide in the Mount St. Helens plume was measured by an infrared spectrometer tuned to the 4.26 um CO2 absorption band. An external sample tube was attached to the fuselage of a twin-engine aircraft to deliver outside air to the gas cell of the spectrometer. The aircraft was then flown at several different elevations through the plume at right angles to plume trajectory to define plume area and carbon dioxide concentration in a vertical cross- section of the plume. These two parameters along with the density of CO2 for the altitude of the plume and the plume velocity (assumed as above to be equal to ambient wind speed) were then used to calculate the CO2 emission rate (Harris and others, 1981).

Label Definition
Carbon dioxide emission rate estimate Material flux in tonnes/day