Geochemical characterization of mine waste at the Ely Copper Mine superfund site, Orange County, Vermont

Online link https://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/metadata/open-file/2004/1248/metadata.faq.html
Description An environmental impact study is done for the abandoned Ely copper mine. The extent of contamination is studyed along with the type and chemical composition of the mine waste piles.
Originators Piatak, Nadine M.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Seal, Robert R., II; Briggs, Paul H.; Meier, Allen L.; Muzik, Timothy L.; and Jackson, John C.
Publication U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1248

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Sampling site characteristics, Appendix A of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
DATE_COLL Date the sample was collected
SAMP_TYPE Sample type
AREA Area from which sample was taken
SAMP_LOC Sampling location
DESC Description of sample
DEPTH_CM Depth from which sample was taken, in cm
MUNS_COLOR Munsell color of sample, words
MUNS_NO Munsell color of sample, identifying code
LATITUDE Geographic latitude
LONGITUDE Geographic longitude

appd.dbf

Analytical results of leachate tests, Appendix D of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
PH pH of sample
SPEC_COND Specific conductance
ORP_MV Oxidation-reduction potential measured in millivolts
FE2 Ferrous iron measured using colorimetric method using Hach spectrophotometer, expressed in mg/L
FE_TOTAL Iron measured using colorimetric method using Hach spectrophotometer, expressed in mg/L
AG_ICPAES Silver measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
AG_ICPMS Silver measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
AL_ICPAES Aluminum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
AL_ICPMS Aluminum measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
AS_ICPAES Arsenic measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
AS_ICPMS Arsenic measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
AU_ICPMS Gold measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
B_ICPAES Boron measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
BA_ICPAES Barium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
BA_ICPMS Barium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
BE_ICPAES Beryllium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
BE_ICPMS Beryllium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
BI_ICPMS Bismuth measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CA_ICPAES Calcium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
CA_ICPMS Calcium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CD_ICPAES Cadmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CD_ICPMS Cadmium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CE_ICPMS Cerium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CL_IC Chlorine measured using ion chromatography, expressed in mg/L
CO_ICPAES Cobalt measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CO_ICPMS Cobalt measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CR_ICPAES Chromium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CR_ICPMS Chromium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CS_ICPMS Cesium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CU_ICPAES Copper measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
CU_ICPMS Copper measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
DY_ICPMS Dysprosium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
ER_ICPMS Erbium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
EU_ICPMS Europium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
FE_ICPAES Iron measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
FE_ICPMS Iron measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
GA_ICPMS Gallium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
GD_ICPMS Gadolinium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
GE_ICPMS Germanium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
HO_ICPMS Holmium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
IN_ICPMS Indium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
K_ICPAES Potassium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
K_ICPMS Potassium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
LA_ICPMS Lanthanum measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
LI_ICPAES Lithium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
LI_ICPMS Lithium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
MG_ICPAES Magnesium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
MG_ICPMS Magnesium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
MN_ICPAES Manganese measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
MN_ICPMS Manganese measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
MO_ICPAES Molybdenum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
MO_ICPMS Molybdenum measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
NA_ICPAES Sodium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
NA_ICPMS Sodium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
ND_ICPMS Neodymium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
NI_ICPAES Nickel measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
NI_ICPMS Nickel measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
P_ICPAES Phosphorus measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
P_ICPMS Phosphorus measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
PB_ICPAES Lead measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
PB_ICPMS Lead measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
PR_ICPMS Praseodymium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
RB_ICPMS Rubidium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
RE_ICPMS Rhenium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SB_ICPAES Antimony measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SB_ICPMS Antimony measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SE_ICPMS Selenium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SI_ICPAES Silicon measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
SIO2_ICPMS Silica measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
SM_ICPMS Samarium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SO4_IC Sulfate measured using ion chromatography, expressed in mg/L
SO4_ICPMS Sulfate measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in mg/L
SR_ICPAES Strontium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
SR_ICPMS Strontium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
TB_ICPMS Terbium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
TH_ICPMS Thorium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
TI_ICPAES Titanium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
TL_ICPMS Thallium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
TM_ICPMS Thulium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
U_ICPMS Uranium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
V_ICPAES Vanadium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
V_ICPMS Vanadium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
W_ICPMS Tungsten measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
Y_ICPMS Yttrium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
YB_ICPMS Ytterbium measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
ZN_ICPAES Zinc measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in µg/L
ZN_ICPMS Zinc measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, expressed in µg/L

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Quantitative estimates of mineral weight percentages based on Rietveld refinement of powder X-ray diffraction patterns using Siroquant, Appendix C of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
QUARTZ Quartz measured using Quartz, expressed in percent by weight
ALBITE Albite expressed in percent by weight
ANORTHITE Anorthite expressed in percent by weight
LABRADOR Labradorite expressed in percent by weight
BIOTITE Biotite expressed in percent by weight
MUSCOVITE Muscovite expressed in percent by weight
CHLORITE Chlorite expressed in percent by weight
KAOLIN Kaolinite expressed in percent by weight
TALC Talc expressed in percent by weight
VERMICUL Vermiculite expressed in percent by weight
SEPIOLITE Sepiolite expressed in percent by weight
HORNBLENDE Hornblende expressed in percent by weight
FAYALITE Fayalite expressed in percent by weight
CALCITE Calcite expressed in percent by weight
GOETHITE Goethite expressed in percent by weight
HEMATITE Hematite expressed in percent by weight
MAGNETITE Magnetite expressed in percent by weight
JAROSITE Jarosite expressed in percent by weight
ALUNOGEN Alunogen expressed in percent by weight
COPAPITE Copiapite expressed in percent by weight
MELANTER Melanterite expressed in percent by weight
ROZENITE Rozenite expressed in percent by weight
GYPSUM Gypsum expressed in percent by weight
CHALCOPYR Chalcopyrite expressed in percent by weight
PYRITE Pyrite expressed in percent by weight
PYRRHOTITE Pyrrhotite expressed in percent by weight
SPHALERITE Sphalerite expressed in percent by weight
CHI Chi-square statistic, used to measure the fit of the refinement. A value of 1.0 indicates a perfect fit between the least-squares model and the observed data.

table1.dbf

Concentration of selected metals in mine waste at the Ely mine, Table 1 of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
AL_WTPCT Aluminum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
AS_MGKG Arsenic measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CD_MGKG Cadmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CO_MGKG Cobalt measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CR_MGKG Chromium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CU_MGKG Copper measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
FE_WTPCT Iron measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
MN_MGKG Manganese measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
MO_MGKG Molybdenum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
NI_MGKG Nickel measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
PB_MGKG Lead measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
V_MGKG Vanadium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
ZN_MGKG Zinc measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg

appb1.dbf

Bulk geochemistry of Ely mine waste samples, Appendix B-1 of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
DEPTH_CM Depth of sampling, in cm
AG_MGKG Silver measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
AL_WTPCT Aluminum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
AS_MGKG Arsenic measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
AU_MGKG Gold measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
BA_MGKG Barium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
BE_MGKG Beryllium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
BI_MGKG Bismuth measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CA_WTPCT Calcium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
CD_MGKG Cadmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CE_MGKG Cerium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CO_MGKG Cobalt measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CR_MGKG Chromium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
CU_MGKG Copper measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
EU_MGKG Europium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
FE_WTPCT Iron measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
GA_MGKG Gallium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
HO_MGKG Holmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
K_WTPCT Potassium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
LA_MGKG Lanthanum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
LI_MGKG Lithium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
MG_WTPCT Magnesium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
MN_MGKG Manganese measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
MO_MGKG Molybdenum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
NA_WTPCT Sodium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
NB_MGKG Niobium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
ND_MGKG Neodymium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
NI_MGKG Nickel measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
P_WTPCT Phosphorus measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
PB_MGKG Lead measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
S_WTPCT Sulfur measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
SC_MGKG Scandium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
SN_MGKG Tin measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
SR_MGKG Strontium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
TA_MGKG Tantalum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
TH_MGKG Thorium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
TI_WTPCT Titanium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
U_MGKG Uranium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
V_MGKG Vanadium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
Y_MGKG Yttrium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
YB_MGKG Ytterbium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
ZN_MGKG Zinc measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in mg/kg
JOB_NO Job identification number (many samples are included in one job)
LAB_NO Lab identificatin number of the sample

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Analysis of standard reference materials, Appendix B-2 of the report

Label Definition
NIST_SRM Standard reference material identifier (from NIST)
AG_PPM Silver measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
AL_WTPCT Aluminum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
AS_PPM Arsenic measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
BA_PPM Barium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
BE_PPM Beryllium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
BI_PPM Bismuth measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
CA_WTPCT Calcium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
CD_PPM Cadmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
CE_PPM Cerium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
CO_PPM Cobalt measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
CR_PPM Chromium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
CU_PPM Copper measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
EU_PPM Europium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
FE_WTPCT Iron measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
GA_PPM Gallium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
HO_PPM Holmium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
K_WTPCT Potassium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
LA_PPM Lanthanum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
LI_PPM Lithium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
MG_WTPCT Magnesium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
MN_PPM Manganese measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
MO_PPM Molybdenum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
NA_WTPCT Sodium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
NB_PPM Niobium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
ND_PPM Neodymium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
NI_PPM Nickel measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
P_WTPCT Phosphorus measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
PB_PPM Lead measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
SC_PPM Scandium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
SN_PPM Tin measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
SR_PPM Strontium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
TA_PPM Tantalum measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
TH_PPM Thorium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
TI_WTPCT Titanium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in percent by weight
U_PPM Uranium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
V_PPM Vanadium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
Y_PPM Yttrium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
YB_PPM Ytterbium measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight
ZN_PPM Zinc measured using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, expressed in parts per million by weight

table3.dbf

Paste pH and acid-base accounting results, Table 3 of the report

Label Definition
SAMP_NO Sample identification number
PH_USGS Paste pH measured by USGS laboratory
PH_BC_RES Paste pH measured by laboratory of B.C. Research, Inc.
TOTAL_S Total sulfur measured using a LECO analyzer, in percent by weight
SULFATE_S Sulfate sulfur concentration, in percent by weight
SULFIDE_S Sulfide sulfur concentration, in percent by weight
AP Maximum potential acidity, in kg CaCO3/t
NP Neutralization potential, in kg CaCO3/t
NNP Net neutralization potential, in kg CaCO3/t
FIZZRATING Fizz rating
NP_AP Neutralization potential divided by maximum potential acidity