Case study of the environmental signature of a recently abandoned, carbonate-hosted replacement deposit: The Clayton Mine, Idaho

Online link https://geo-nsdi.er.usgs.gov/metadata/open-file/02-10/metadata.faq.html
Description Multi-element geochemical analysis of host rock, ore, mine waste, flotation-mill tailings, slag, stream sediments, creek and adit waters, and leachates of mine waste and mill tailings.
Originators Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Eppinger, Robert G.; van Gosen, Bradley S.; Briggs, Paul H.; and Meier, Allen L.
Publication U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-10

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States or counties

samp_loc.dbf

Sample locations (shapefile); Appendix A of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
LAB_NO Laboratory analysis identification
SAMP_MEDIA Type of material sampled
LOC_DESC General description of sample location
LATITUDE Geographic latitude of sample location
LONGITUDE Geographic longitude of sample location

clayton_host.dbf

Geochemical data for host rock and ore at the Clayton mine. Table 3 of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
AS_HYD Arsenic concentration measured using hydride-generation atomic absorption
AU Gold concentration measured using fire assay
HG Mercury concentration measured using cold vapor atomic absorption
AL Aluminum concentration measured using ICP-AES
CA Calcium concentration measured using ICP-AES
FE Iron concentration measured using ICP-AES
K Potassium concentration measured using ICP-AES
MG Magnesium concentration measured using ICP-AES
NA Sodium concentration measured using ICP-AES
P Phosphorus concentration measured using ICP-AES
TI Titanium concentration measured using ICP-AES
AG Silver concentration measured using ICP-AES
AS_ICP Arsenic concentration measured using ICP-AES
BA Barium concentration measured using ICP-AES
BI Bismuth concentration measured using ICP-AES
CD Cadmium concentration measured using ICP-AES
CE Cerium concentration measured using ICP-AES
CO Cobalt concentration measured using ICP-AES
CR Chromium concentration measured using ICP-AES
CU Copper concentration measured using ICP-AES
LI Lithium concentration measured using ICP-AES
MN Manganese concentration measured using ICP-AES
MO Molybdenum concentration measured using ICP-AES
PB Lead concentration measured using ICP-AES
SR Strontium concentration measured using ICP-AES
TH Thorium concentration measured using ICP-AES
U Uranium concentration measured using ICP-AES
V Vanadium concentration measured using ICP-AES
Y Yttrium concentration measured using ICP-AES
ZN Zinc concentration measured using ICP-AES
SB Antimony concentration measured using hydride generation atomic absorption
SE Selenium concentration measured using hydride generation atomic absorption
TE Tellurium concentration measured using hydride generation atomic absorption
C_TOT Total carbon concentration measured using an automated carbon analyzer
S_TOT Total sulfur concentration measured using an automated sulfur analyzer

clayton_tail.dbf

Geochemical and mineralogical data for solid mine waste and mill tailings, Clayton silver mine. Table 4 of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
AL Aluminum concentration measured by ICP-AES
CA Calcium concentration measured by ICP-AES
FE Iron concentration measured by ICP-AES
K Potassium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MG Magnesium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NA Sodium concentration measured by ICP-AES
P Phosphorus concentration measured by ICP-AES
TI Titanium concentration measured by ICP-AES
C_TOT Total carbon concentration measured using an automated carbon analyzer
S_TOT Total sulfur concentration measured using an automated sulfur analyzer
AG Silver concentration measured by ICP-AES
AS_HYD Arsenic concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
AS_ICP Arsenic concentration measured by ICP-AES
AU Gold concentration measured by fire assay
BA Barium concentration measured by ICP-AES
BE Beryllium concentration measured by ICP-AES
BI Bismuth concentration measured by ICP-AES
CD Cadmium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CE Cerium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CO Cobalt concentration measured by ICP-AES
CR Chromium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CU Copper concentration measured by ICP-AES
GA Gallium concentration measured by ICP-AES
HG Mercury concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
LA Lanthanum concentration measured by ICP-AES
LI Lithium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MN Manganese concentration measured by ICP-AES
MO Molybdenum concentration measured by ICP-AES
ND Neodymium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NI Nickel concentration measured by ICP-AES
PB Lead concentration measured by ICP-AES
SB Antimony concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SC Scandium concentration measured by ICP-AES
SE Selenium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SN Tin concentration measured by ICP-AES
SR Strontium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TE Tellurium concentration measured by fire assay
TH Thorium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TL Thallium concentration measured by fire assay
V Vanadium concentration measured by ICP-AES
Y Yttrium concentration measured by ICP-AES
YB Yterbium concentration measured by ICP-AES
ZN Zinc concentration measured by ICP-AES

kinni_stream.dbf

Geochemical data for < 80-mesh (< 0.177 mm) stream sediments in Kinnikinic Creek at the Clayton silver mine. Table 6 of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
AG Silver concentration measured by ICP-AES
AL Aluminum concentration measured by ICP-AES
AS_ICP Arsenic concentration measured by ICP-AES
AS_HYD Arsenic concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
AU Gold concentration measured by fire assay
BA Barium concentration measured by ICP-AES
BE Beryllium concentration measured by ICP-AES
C_TOT Total carbon concentration measured by an automated carbon analyzer
CA Calcium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CD Cadmium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CE Cerium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CO Cobalt concentration measured by ICP-AES
CR Chromium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CU Copper concentration measured by ICP-AES
FE Iron concentration measured by ICP-AES
GA Gallium concentration measured by ICP-AES
HG Mercury concentration measured by cold vapor atomic absorption
K Potassium concentration measured by ICP-AES
LA Lanthanum concentration measured by ICP-AES
LI Lithium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MG Magnesium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MN Manganese concentration measured by ICP-AES
MO Molybdenum concentration measured by ICP-AES
NA Sodium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NB Niobium concentration measured by ICP-AES
ND Neodymium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NI Nickel concentration measured by ICP-AES
P Phosphorus concentration measured by ICP-AES
PB Lead concentration measured by ICP-AES
S_TOT Total sulfur concentration measured by an automated sulfur analyzer
SB Antimony concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SC Scandium concentration measured by ICP-AES
SE Selenium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SR Strontium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TH Thorium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TI Titanium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TL Thallium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
V Vanadium concentration measured by ICP-AES
Y Yttrium concentration measured by ICP-AES
YB Yterbium concentration measured by ICP-AES
ZN Zinc concentration measured by ICP-AES

leachates.dbf

Geochemical data for leachates of mine waste, mill tailings, and slag. Table 8 of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
LEACH_PH Final leach pH
CONDUCTIV Conductivity
ALK Alkalinity (ppm by lab titration)
F Fluorine ion concentration measured by ion chromatography
CL Chlorine ion concentration measured by ion chromatography
SO4 Sulfate anion concentration measured by ion chromatography
NO3 Nitrate anion concentration measured by ion chromatography
AL Aluminum concentration measured by ICP-MS
AS Arsenic concentration measured by ICP-MS
B Boron concentration measured by ICP-AES
BA Barium concentration measured by ICP-MS
BI Bismuth concentration measured by ICP-MS
CA Calcium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CD Cadmium concentration measured by ICP-MS
CS Cesium concentration measured by ICP-MS
CO Cobalt concentration measured by ICP-MS
CU Copper concentration measured by ICP-MS
FE Iron concentration measured by ICP-AES
GE Germanium concentration measured by ICP-MS
K Potassium concentration measured by ICP-AES
LI Lithium concentration measured by ICP-MS
MG Magnesium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MN Manganese concentration measured by ICP-MS
MO Molybdenum concentration measured by ICP-MS
NA Sodium concentration measured by ICP-AES
PB Lead concentration measured by ICP-MS
RB Rubidium concentration measured by ICP-MS
SB Antimony concentration measured by ICP-MS
SE Selenium concentration measured by ICP-MS
SI Silicon concentration measured by ICP-AES
SR Strontium concentration measured by ICP-MS
U Uranium concentration measured by ICP-MS
ZN Zinc concentration measured by ICP-MS

salmon_slag.dbf

Geochemical data for a composite sample (45BV00) of slag along the Salmon River. Table 5 of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
AG Silver concentration measured by ICP-AES
AL Aluminum concentration measured by ICP-AES
AS Arsenic concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
AU Gold concentration measured by fire assay
BA Barium concentration measured by ICP-AES
BE Beryllium concentration measured by ICP-AES
BI Bismuth concentration measured by ICP-AES
C_TOT Total carbon concentration measured by an automated carbon analyzer
CO2 Carbon dioxide concentration measured by an automated carbon analyzer
CA Calcium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CD Cadmium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CE Cerium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CO Cobalt concentration measured by ICP-AES
CR Chromium concentration measured by ICP-AES
CU Copper concentration measured by ICP-AES
EU Europium concentration measured by ICP-AES
FE Iron concentration measured by ICP-AES
GA Gallium concentration measured by ICP-AES
HG Mercury concentration measured by cold vapor atomic absorption
HO Holmium concentration measured by ICP-AES
K Potassium concentration measured by ICP-AES
LA Lanthanum concentration measured by ICP-AES
LI Lithium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MG Magnesium concentration measured by ICP-AES
MN Manganese concentration measured by ICP-AES
MO Molybdenum concentration measured by ICP-AES
NA Sodium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NB Niobium concentration measured by ICP-AES
ND Neodymium concentration measured by ICP-AES
NI Nickel concentration measured by ICP-AES
P Phosphorus concentration measured by ICP-AES
PB Lead concentration measured by ICP-AES
S Sulfur concentration measured by an automated sulfur analyzer
SB Antimony concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SC Scandium concentration measured by ICP-AES
SE Selenium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
SN Tin concentration measured by ICP-AES
SR Strontium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TA Tantalum concentration measured by ICP-AES
TE Tellurium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
TH Thallium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TI Titanium concentration measured by ICP-AES
TL Thallium concentration measured by hydride-generation atomic absorption
U Uranium concentration measured by ICP-AES
V Vanadium concentration measured by ICP-AES
Y Yttrium concentration measured by ICP-AES
YB Yterbium concentration measured by ICP-AES
ZN Zinc concentration measured by ICP-AES

water_field.dbf

Field observations of water samples and locations. Table 7a of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
DATE Sample collection date (m/d/y)
TEMP Water temperature, degrees C
FLOW_RATE Estimated rate of flow of the stream from which the sample was taken
FLOW_METH Method of determining the flow rate
WATERCOLOR Color of water
WATERODOR Odor of water
PH pH of the water
CONDUCTIV Conductivity (┬ÁS/cm)
TURBIDITY Estimate of water turbidity
DIS_OXYGEN Dissolved oxygen
ALK Alkalinity
ACIDITY Acidity (ppm)
SITE Site number, appears in other tables
SITE_DESC Site description
BED_DESC Channel bed description

water_lab.dbf

(no definition)

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
HARDNESS Water hardness
ALK Alkalinity (ppm by lab titration)
F_PPM Fluorine ion concentration
CL_PPM Chlorine ion concentration
SO4_PPM Sulfate anion concentration
NO3_PPM Nitrate anion concentration
FE2_PPM Fe2+ ion concentration (measured on filtered, acidified water)
SITE Site number

water_lab.dbf

Laboratory measurements on water samples. Table 7b of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
HARDNESS Water hardness
ALK Alkalinity (ppm by lab titration)
F_PPM Fluorine ion concentration
CL_PPM Chlorine ion concentration
SO4_PPM Sulfate anion concentration
NO3_PPM Nitrate anion concentration
FE2_PPM Fe2+ ion concentration (measured on filtered, acidified water)
SITE Site number

water_filtered.dbf

Multi-element geochemical analyses for filtered (dissolved) element concentrations in filtered (0.45 micron)/acidified waters. Table 7c of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
SAMP_SITE Site number
AG_PPB_MS Silver concentration measured using ICP-MS
AL_PPB_MS Aluminum concentration measured using ICP-MS
AS_PPB_MS Arsenic concentration measured using ICP-MS
BA_PPB_MS Barium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CA_PPM_AES Calcium concentration measured using ICP-AES
CD_PPB_MS Cadmium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CE_PPB_MS Cerium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CO_PPB_MS Cobalt concentration measured using ICP-MS
CS_PPB_MS Cesium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CU_PPB_MS Copper concentration measured using ICP-MS
FE_PPB_AES Iron concentration measured using ICP-AES
HG_PPB_AF Mercury concentration measured using atomic fluorescence
K_PPM_AES Potassium concentration measured using ICP-AES
LA_PPB_MS Lanthanum concentration measured using ICP-MS
LI_PPB_MS Lithium concentration measured using ICP-MS
MG_PPM_AES Magnesium concentration measured using ICP-AES
MN_PPB_MS Manganese concentration measured using ICP-MS
MO_PPB_MS Molybdenum concentration measured using ICP-MS
NA_PPM_AES Sodium concentration measured using ICP-AES
ND_PPB_MS Neodymium concentration measured using ICP-MS
NI_PPB_MS Nickel concentration measured using ICP-MS
P_PPB_MS Phosphorus concentration measured using ICP-MS
PB_PPB_MS Lead concentration measured using ICP-MS
RB_PPB_MS Rubidium concentration measured using ICP-MS
RE_PPB_MS Rhenium concentration measured using ICP-MS
SB_PPB_MS Antimony concentration measured using ICP-MS
SI_PPM_AES Silicon concentration measured using ICP-AES
SR_PPB_MS Strontium concentration measured using ICP-MS
TH_PPB_MS Thorium concentration measured using ICP-MS
U_PPB_MS Uranium concentration measured using ICP-MS
V_PPB_MS Vanadium concentration measured using ICP-MS
W_PPB_MS Tungsten concentration measured using ICP-MS
Y_PPB_MS Yttrium concentration measured using ICP-MS
ZN_PPB_MS Zinc concentration measured using ICP-MS

water_unfiltered.dbf

Multi-element geochemical analyses for unfiltered (total) element concentrations in unfiltered, acidified waters. Table 7d of the report.

Label Definition
SAMPLE_NO Sample identification
SAMP_SITE Sample site number
AG_PPB_MS Silver concentration measured using ICP-MS
AL_PPB_MS Aluminum concentration measured using ICP-MS
AS_PPB_MS Arsenic concentration measured using ICP-MS
BA_PPB_MS Barium concentration measured using ICP-MS
BI_PPB_MS Bismuth concentration measured using ICP-MS
CA_PPM_AES Calcium concentration measured using ICP-AES
CD_PPB_MS Cadmium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CE_PPB_MS Cerium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CO_PPB_MS Cobalt concentration measured using ICP-MS
CS_PPB_MS Cesium concentration measured using ICP-MS
CU_PPB_MS Copper concentration measured using ICP-MS
DY_PPB_MS Dysprosium concentration measured using ICP-MS
ER_PPB_MS Erbium concentration measured using ICP-MS
EU_PPB_MS Europium concentration measured using ICP-MS
FE_PPB_AES Iron concentration measured using ICP-AES
GA_PPB_MS Gallium concentration measured using ICP-MS
GD_PPB_MS Gadolinium concentration measured using ICP-MS
IN_PPB_MS Indium concentration measured using ICP-MS
K_PPM_AES Potassium concentration measured using ICP-AES
LA_PPB_MS Lanthanum concentration measured using ICP-MS
LI_PPB_MS Lithium concentration measured using ICP-MS
MG_PPM_AES Magnesium concentration measured using ICP-AES
MN_PPB_MS Manganese concentration measured using ICP-MS
MO_PPB_MS Molybdenum concentration measured using ICP-MS
NA_PPM_AES Sodium concentration measured using ICP-AES
ND_PPB_MS Neodymium concentration measured using ICP-MS
NI_PPB_MS Nickel concentration measured using ICP-MS
P_PPB_MS Phosphorus concentration measured using ICP-MS
PB_PPB_MS Lead concentration measured using ICP-MS
PR_PPB_MS Praseodymium concentration measured using ICP-MS
RB_PPB_MS Rubidium concentration measured using ICP-MS
RE_PPB_MS Rhenium concentration measured using ICP-MS
SB_PPB_MS Antimony concentration measured using ICP-MS
SE_PPB_MS Selenium concentration measured using ICP-MS
SI_PPM_AES Silicon concentration measured using ICP-AES
SM_PPM_MS Samarium concentration measured using ICP-MS
SR_PPB_MS Strontium concentration measured using ICP-MS
TH_PPB_MS Thorium concentration measured using ICP-MS
TI_PPB_MS Titanium concentration measured using ICP-MS
TL_PPB_MS Thallium concentration measured using ICP-MS
U_PPB_MS Uranium concentration measured using ICP-MS
V_PPB_MS Vanadium concentration measured using ICP-MS
W_PPB_MS Tungsten concentration measured using ICP-MS
Y_PPB_MS Yttrium concentration measured using ICP-MS
YB_PPB_MS Yterbium concentration measured using ICP-MS
ZN_PPB_MS Zinc concentration measured using ICP-MS